Monday, December 30, 2019

`` Night `` By Elie Wiesel - 2409 Words

In his novella, Night, Elie Wiesel tells of his experience as a victim in multiple German concentration camps during the Holocaust of World War ll. The following passage illustrates a vivid moment during the struggle, the extent of human cruelty, Something was being burned there. A truck drew close and unloaded its hold: small children. Babies! Yes, I did see this, with my own eyes. . . Children thrown into the flames (32). As stated in the passage, Elie Wiesel is observing Jewish babies being thrown into a fire. The extent people will go through just to persecute another group can be an overwhelming aspect of war; furthermore, the extent of cruelty brought upon the poor souls was unjust. War is based off ideology, and when two forces clash, the extent of cruelty the opposing sides proceed in can be considered torture. Every war, though happens for a reason and bring a better change, is often gruesome. The Civil War broke America in two groups and, at the time, was the war with the most casualties and injured men. As the fight to preserve the Union progressed, so did a number of other areas. Seen in many photos, the treatment of captured troops and African Americans can be considered torture. The advanced technology produced through the Civil War assisted in increasing number of casualties. Fast forward 51 years, and the biggest battle the world has ever experienced is now in progress; furthermore, bringing along so of the most terrifying weapons of its time. PainShow MoreRelatedNight by Elie Wiesel646 Words   |  3 PagesTen years after WWII, Elie Wiesel’s novel Night was published in 1955. Night describes â€Å"his memories of life inside four different Nazi death camps,† as he was one of the few Jews to survive the Holocaust during WWII (Sanderson). Wiesel’s autobiographical novel makes him â€Å"the best-known contemporary Holocaust writer and novelist,† and reveals the impact of the concentration camps on humanity and for th e individual (Sibelman).As a negative Bildungsroman, Night depicts â€Å"a coming of age story in whichRead MoreNight, By Elie Wiesel Essay1276 Words   |  6 PagesNight is a first-hand account of life for Elie Wiesel as a young Jewish teenage boy living in Hungary and eventually sent to Auschwitz with his family. The moment his family exits the cattle car the horror of Auschwitz sets in. His mother and sisters become separated from him and his father immediately, their fate sealed. Elie stays with his father and right away a stranger is giving them tips on how to survive and stay together. Immediately told to lie about their ages, making Elie a little olderRead MoreNight, By Elie Wiesel1372 Words   |  6 Pageselse† (Wiesel ix). Years after he was liberated from the concentration camp at Buchenwald, Elie Wiesel wrote Night as a memoir of his life and experiences during the Holocaust, while a prisoner in the Nazi concentration camps at Auschwitz and Buchenwald. Scholars o ften refer to the Holocaust as the â€Å"anti-world†. This anti-world is an inverted world governed by absurdity. The roles of those living in the anti-world are reversed and previous values and morals are no longer important. Elie Wiesel portraysRead MoreNight, By Elie Wiesel1083 Words   |  5 Pagesthe 1960 novel, Night, Elie Wiesel utilizes several literary devices, including the symbology of nighttime, motif of religious practices, and theme of father-son relationships, in order to emphasize the atrocities of the Holocaust specifically for Jews. Wiesel’s first hand experience in concentration camps allows for a vivid retelling of what many people had to endure. The symbolic portrayal of the nighttime helps to add a deeper meaning to the text. The title of the novel, Night, brings the symbolRead MoreNight, By Elie Wiesel1087 Words   |  5 PagesNight by Elie Wiesel The aim of this book review is to analyze Night, the autobiographical account of Elie Wiesel’s horrifying experiences in the German concentration camps. Wiesel recounted a traumatic time in his life with the goal of never allowing people to forget the tragedy others had to suffer through. A key theme introduced in Night is that these devastating experiences shifted the victim s view of life. By providing a summary, critique, and the credentials of the author Elie Wiesel, thisRead MoreNight, By Elie Wiesel1476 Words   |  6 PagesIn Night, by Elie Wiesel, one man tells his story of how he survived his terrible experience during the Holocaust. Wiesel takes you on a journey through his â€Å"night† of the Holocaust, and how he survived the world’s deadliest place, Auschwitz-Birkenau. Elie Wiesel will captivate you on his earth shattering journey through his endless night. Elie Wiesel’s book Night forces you to open your eyes to the real world by using; iron y, diction, and repetition to prove that man does have the capability toRead MoreNight By Elie Wiesel1661 Words   |  7 PagesNight Sequel Proposal Night is an account of the Holocaust and persecution of the Jewish people, written by Elie Wiesel. Elie Wiesel wrote, â€Å"Never shall I forget that night, the first night in camp, which has turned my life into one long night, seven times cursed and seven times sealed. Never shall I forget that smoke. Never shall I forget the little faces of the children, whose bodies I saw turned into wreaths of smoke beneath a silent blue sky† (Night). Remembering the events of the Holocaust andRead MoreThe Night By Elie Wiesel996 Words   |  4 Pagesunderstand how deeply literal and symbolic the book entitled Night by Elie Wiesel is. The novel brings light to the reader about what the Jews faced while in the fire, hell and night; nonetheless, the author portrays each and every day during this year as a night in hell of conflagration. Were this conflagration to be extinguished one day, nothing would be left in the sky but extinct stars and unseeing eyes. (Wiesel 20). When Wiesel arrived a t the camp he counted the longest dreadful ten stepsRead MoreNight, By Elie Wiesel809 Words   |  4 Pagespractically unbearable. Everyday you wake up with this feeling that you’re going to die; sometimes you don’t even fear this happening. In the book â€Å"Night† the author Elie Wiesel takes the reader to a place in time that they wouldn‘t ever want to journey to. He gives you a picture of the real gruesomeness and terrifying circumstances that came from the Holocaust. Wiesel tells of his time spent at the Auschwitz concentration camp, and then to Buchenwald. Though the book is only a little over one-hundred pagesRead MoreThe Night By Elie Wiesel1636 Words   |  7 PagesElie Wiesel s Night chronicles his experience surviving in a concentration camp. He, along with every other Jew in his town, and many more throughout Europe, were sent to concentration camps for no fault of their own. Hitler, the fascist dictator of Germany and most of Europe, hated t hem because of their religion. He considered them a separate, inferior race and created the concentration camps to kill them all. Elie lost his mother, little sister, father, and nearly everyone he knew to these factories

Sunday, December 22, 2019

Biology The Unknown Bacteria - 964 Words

An unknown bacterium 15 was awarded and labeled at the table ready to be identified. Using the skills and test that are taught and learned in microbiology were applied into learning what the unknown bacteria culture was. There were multiple procedures and test done in order to gain all the information needed to determine which bacteria was given. In order to find what the bacteria was the first step was finding the right environment and temperature that would allow the bacteria to thrive and grow. Determining this is one of the most important steps in being able to obtain conclusive results that would allow the results of the test to be accurate and correct. Without the correct temperature and environment the bacteria will give inconclusive results which will alter and skew the end results and may lead to the wrong conclusion. By using the methods that were obtained and learned through the microbiology class allowed the skills and knowledge to determine the bacteria and execute the tests in order to determine the culture. Being able to figure out an unknown culture or bacteria is very important and a great knowledge to have. It helps people every day from finding cures to bacterial infections, discovering new kinds or simply just knowing the limits of what they are capable of. It allows scientist to know how to kill them treat then and ect. along with determining if they are harmful or benefit humans, and plants Along with being able to identify different species ofShow MoreRelatedstaphylococcus aureus868 Words   |  4 PagesThis paper explores the study of an unknown bacterial culture. The bacterium were randomly assigned in a double blinded fashion to alleviate scientific or experimental error in determining their gram stain, morphology, arrangement, and scientific classification. There were eight unknown bacterial cultures given, with the unknown bacterial culture being one of the eight bacterial cultures. A myriad of tests and experiments were performed on the unknown bacteria in order to b e able to properly classifyRead MoreUnknown Microbiology Lab Report Essay1128 Words   |  5 PagesUNKNOW BACTERIA LAB REPORT UNKNOWN 36 Introduction The purpose of this lab was to identify two unknown bacteria from a mixed culture. The reason for identification of unknown bacteria was to help students recognize different bacteria through different biochemical tests and characteristics. This is important in the medical field because identification of unknown bacteria can help treat a patient by knowing the contributing source of a disease. Also knowledge of different bacteria helped othersRead MoreIdentifying Salmonella Choleraesuis1410 Words   |  6 Pageswhat an unknown bacteria was using several different microbiology lab techniques including an API test, an oxidase test, a gram stain, a hanging drop slide, and morphology identification. The unknown bacterium, which was contaminated with Serratia marcescens, was isolated by streaking the bacteria solution to single colonies. The isolated unknown white bacteria, had the appearance of circular form, convex elevation, entire margin, elongated cocci. The tests than showed that th e bacteria was gram-negativeRead MoreEssay about Applying the Methyl Red (MR) Test 982 Words   |  4 Pagestest media contains peptone, glucose, and a phosphate buffer (Stout et al, 45). To perform the MR test, I used the stabbing technique to inoculate the MR media. I sterilized the stabbing utensil under an open flame, obtained a small amount of unknown bacteria, and stabbed the MR media. Once the MR media was inoculated, I let it incubate for 24 hours in the 37 °C hot room. After the 24-hour incubation, I added 15 drops of Methyl Red to the MR media to test for mixed acid production. VP test (a.k.aRead MoreEssay on HS320 Microbiology Unit1 Assignment1302 Words   |  6 Pagesconstructed a number of simple microscopes and observed details of numerous forms of protozoa, fungi, and bacteria† (Introduction to Microscopes, n.d.). During the 1700s, microscopes were used to further explore on the microbial world, and by the late 1800s, the light microscope had been developed. â€Å"The electron microscope was developed in the 1940s, thus making the viruses and the smallest bacteria (for example, Rickettsiae and Chlamydia) visible† (Introduction to Microscopes, n.d.). The studies ofRead MoreLab Report : The Gram Stain1706 Words   |  7 Pagesnor did I plagiarize any material. Signed: _____________________________________________ Eric Zuberi â€Æ' I. Introduction In all areas of biology, it is easy to see that structure is related to function. This statement holds true in microbiology as well, the study of microorganisms, including bacteria. One characterizing feature of bacteria is the cell wall, which can generally (although not in all situations) be categorized into one of two categories: either Gram positive or Gram negativeRead MoreDna Rn The Biological Diversity1295 Words   |  6 Pagesof microorganism which includes bacteria, archaea, fungi, and protists. The study of microorganism is important because they play a large role in thce environment. Although microorganism are not well known, which might be due to their small size, and the hardship of recognizing them. Particularly bacteria and other prokaryotic organisms. Only 3100 bacteria are recognized in Bergey’s manual out of 300000 to 1000000 species of prokaryotes that is on earth. Bacteria although mostly thought of has beenRead MoreIdentification Of Unknown Organisms And Two Eukaryotes3349 Words   |  14 PagesIdentification of Unknown Organisms Benjamin Nibarger Professor Hoffman Monday 11:15 AM Group Members - Jamie Jerome, Natalie Perez, Ruth Pinzon September 27, 2014 â€Æ' Introduction The purpose of this study is to identify four unknown organisms. The unknown organisms have been assigned randomly to six-research groups by Professor Hoffman. Each research group was provided two eukaryotes and two prokaryotes. The unknown organisms will fall into the following classifications: bacteria, algae, fungi,Read MoreIntroduction. Bacteria Is Used As Expression Host For Mammalian1685 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction Bacteria is used as expression host for mammalian proteins due to its rapid and simple system of expressing recombinant proteins as it has a short doubling time. E.coli is a widely used system as there is more than enough knowledge about its ‘genome sequence, physiology and genetics’ (4). E.coli is a ‘gram-negative bacterium’ (5). Bacteria has a simple genetic manipulation with rapid expression which is suitable for large-scale fermentations and makes it easier to handle in a standardRead MoreDna Sequences Using Polymerase Chain Reaction1605 Words   |  7 PagesChain Reaction Edwina Abou Haidar, Houssam Al Koussa, Mary AbedAlAhad. Department of Biology, Lebanese American University, Byblos, Lebanon Abstract The 16s rRNA gene sequencing is a widely common amplicon sequencing method used to identify and compare bacteria in a given sample. This method is well established and allows to study phylogeny and taxonomy of complex microbiomes. In this study, an unknown sample of extracted microbial DNA was analyzed by performing the polymerase chain reaction

Saturday, December 14, 2019

The Life of a Slave in the 1800’s Free Essays

The Life of a Slave in the 1800’s Life as a slave was very difficult. As many as 4. 5 million slaves were working in Southern plantations in the early to mid-1800’s. We will write a custom essay sample on The Life of a Slave in the 1800’s or any similar topic only for you Order Now There were two types of slaves; field slaves and house slaves. People think that being a house slave was easier but this proves that theory wrong. Slaves had terrible environments, were separated from family and friends, and were sometimes beaten to death. Whites knew that slavery was wrong and immoral. Though, it still continued. Being a field slave was not at all easy. A field slave worked from sunrise to sunset, but during harvest, they worked an eighteen-hour day. A field worker was out in the field when the first sign of light shone until it was too dark to see. Women field workers worked the same hours as men. Pregnant women were expected to work until the child was born, and after the child’s birth the woman worked in the field with the child on her back. Field workers lived in tiny huts with dirt for a floor. These small huts gave absolutely no protection against the cold winter winds. Slaves slept on rough blankets inside the hut. After a day on a cotton plantation the slaves got in a line to have their cotton weighed and receive their daily food. The minimum amount of cotton to be picked in one day was 200 pounds. At about the age of twelve a child’s work became almost the same as an adult’s. The field slaves were watched all day long by a white person with a whip. If they did not work up to the expectations, they were beaten and sometimes killed. A benefit of a field slave, however, was that slaves got Sundays off and maybe parts of Saturday unless it was during harvest. Most house slaves were living under better conditions than field workers. However, house slaves did not get Sunday off and usually attended church with their owners. House slaves cleaned, cooked, served meals, and took care of the children. Some house slaves lived in attics, closets, or corners in the big house even if their families lived in the quarters. A cook’s day was long and hard. A cook got up early in the morning to cook breakfast, and the day ended with cleaning up after dinner and gathering firewood for the next day. These slaves sometimes stole food from the owner. A house slave had a better opportunity to learn how to read and write. They often listened in on their owner’s conversations so they were able to warn field slaves of the owner auctioning certain slaves and other important things. House slaves did many other things like waited on tables, washed, roned, took up and put down carpets, swept floors, dusted furniture, hoed and weeded gardens, and collected the chicken eggs. They also took care of the infants allowing the owner to do whatever they wanted. Although house slaves had more privileges, being a house slave was not much, if any easier than being a field worker. At the time, slaves were separated from their families and auctioned off to white families so that they could work as servants whether it was in the fields picking cotton and tobacco or working inside doing all of the house chores and practically raising the children. Slaves were most likely to have been in a family where they were beaten horrendously if they did not meet the expectations that the white folks had for them. Back then, society looked at slaves like they weren’t fully human and shouldn’t be treated as one. Like anyone else would say, it is very safe to say that having a life of a slave in the 1800’s was not easy. WORKS CITED: http://library. thinkquest. org/CR0215086/dailylife. htm How to cite The Life of a Slave in the 1800’s, Essays

Friday, December 6, 2019

Controlling Function of Management free essay sample

Markets and Market Structure One of the crucial elements to understanding how a market will function (though it will not explain everything) is its market structure. These are the key elements that determine the behavior of firms in the market and the outcome that will be produced by the market. One way of considering the market structure is to talk about the conditions that exist in the market. These conditions fall into (approximately) four categories: †¢ Actors in the market (both numbers of actors and the sizes of these actors †¢ The entry conditions (which includes the exit conditions) †¢ Information characteristics of the market Product characteristics Taken together, these factors provide a useful picture of a market, revealing how it is likely work and the results that one would observe in this market. We will examine a number of different theoretical market structures that help us understand the nature of actual markets. Three of these are of significant inter est to us, both from the standpoint of understanding the way that different types of markets operate, but also how this relates to interactions that arise within the legal system. These three types of market types or structures are: 1. Perfect Competition 2. Monopoly 3. Oligopoly This document only introduces each of these types and gives a basic description of their characteristics and the type of outcome one can expect in each of these types of markets. Separate materials are available to provided a more detailed discussion of each of these different structures. The first of these is the perfectly competitive market. Perfect Competition The outcome of this market structure is a situation in which firms (as well as consumers) act as price takers. This condition results from the circumstances that exist in these markets, with respect to the categories described above. As they apply to the competitive market, these conditions are: 1. Many buyers and sellers 2. No restrictions on entry or exit 3. No advantages to existing firms (no special knowledge or equipment) 4. Full information on the part of buyers and sellers 5. Products are homogeneous Taken all together, these factors imply that no single firm has any meaningful influence on the market. This is the essence of price-taking behavior: no firm can have any significant role in setting prices, so all firms must take the market price as given. What this, in turn, implies is that a firm can sell all of the output it wants at the going price. Whenever economists discuss the workings of the market, typically there is a focus on the interaction of supply and demand. This basic model starts with and generally is based upon the type of situation present in a perfectly competitive market. The diagram above illustrates the basic demand and supply diagram, and its workings are the basis for much of the analysis done with markets. The underlying presumption here is that you are considering a perfectly competitive market, where the interaction of buyers and sellers determines the market price and quantity. At the same time, firms in these markets take the information at hand about the market price to determine how much they will produce (which contributes—albeit minutely—to the supply in the market). When the conditions necessary to have a perfectly competitive market do not hold, then other market structures become relevant. The first that we want to consider is the exact opposite of the circumstances found in the perfectly competitive market—the monopoly market. Monopoly The central feature here is that for a monopoly firm, their behavior is one of a price maker. This means that the firm has (in this case, full) market power, or control over the market price. This arises out of the peculiar circumstances in which the monopolist operates. The following are the basic market structure conditions: 1. Many Buyers and a single Seller 2. Ability to Restrict Entry and Exit 3. Specialized Knowledge/Equipment 4. Lack of Complete or Full Information Possessed by Buyers and Sellers 5. Heterogeneous Products These structural factors imply that the firm faces the market demand curve, which we presume to be downward sloping. Unlike what we see in the perfectly competitive market, there is no distinction to be made between the activities at the market level and at the firm level; they are one in the same. So, the diagram below applies equally to the market and the firm. The primary thing to note here is that the monopolist wishes to maximize profit. Doing this in a market where there is but a single firm yields the situation depicted here: as compared to what we would observe in a competitive market, the monopolist chooses to restrict output, resulting in a higher price, and as a consequence, a higher level of profit. This, naturally, harms the consumer. Since many consumers are unwilling or unable to trade in the market, fewer units are bought and sold. We characterize this as being inefficient. (The concept of efficiency will be discussed elsewhere. ) Other details go beyond the scope of this short discussion, including different sorts of pricing behavior, the existence of economies of scale and the implications of economies of scale on the market, and interactions between single buyers and sellers. [Aside: These notions of inefficiency and harm to consumers are ostensibly the reasons for the existence and enforcement of federal antitrust laws. We will discuss these laws later in the course. ] Some markets fit neither the monopoly nor the perfectly competitive market structures that we have considered. They fall into the gray area in between—where there are a number of firms, each of which has some influence over the market. This influence is not, as you would expect, complete. For the economist, this type of market is particularly troublesome. Both competitive and monopoly markets yield clear results in terms of the behavior of buyers and sellers, the price that will result and the nature of the interaction between firms. These results are not well determined in the market described here. What we are talking about is generally referred to as Oligopoly. Oligopoly Markets For oligopoly markets, the familiar list of structural characteristics is less useful. Clearly, we could talk about the numbers of buyers and sellers, the product characteristics, and so forth. Yet this is much less informative than in the two other structures that we have described. There are typically a large number of buyers. The number of sellers is much less clear. At a minimum, there must be at least two firms, but this number can be higher (though how much higher is not really determined). The key idea here is that the number of firms is small, small enough that each firm’s actions has an important effect on the success and behavior of the other firms in the market. Because of this interrelationship, firms are said to be mutually interdependent, which is simply a more involved way of noting that any action by a firm has to be made by taking into account its effect on the others and the other’s effect on that firm. The key idea is that firms interact strategically with each other. There are many different ideas that have been developed to attempt to understand and predict the behavior of firms in oligopoly markets, but none of them is a general model. When we do not know precisely how firms will act and react, we cannot model this precisely. Basically, there are two ways that we can consider firms to interact. One is to act together, or cooperatively, to make decisions in the marketplace. In general, economists refer to this as collusion, or alternatively, as the formation of a cartel. The essential idea here is that the separate firms act collectively as if they were a single monopolist and share the profits earned by the monopolist. There are significant difficulties in maintaining such a relationship and most attempts to collude end, at least eventually, in failure. It should also be noted that such behavior is illegal, violating antitrust laws. The second way is to presume independent, or non-cooperative, interaction. This approach is where much work has been done, but, again, without the production of a universal approach. This analysis is quite similar to other types of non-cooperative interactions. The primary approach to this is GAME THEORY and we will devote some time to discussing these ideas in a different context. Nevertheless, the application to the analysis of markets is quite similar to what we will be focusing on. Other materials will be provided to assist your understanding of these ideas. Quantity Price Pm Q* Qe Pm S D Quantity Price MR D